La Carbonería Renovation / Workplace for Strategic Areas
Textual content description offered by the architects. The rehabilitation of La Carbonería owes its kind to the variety of intertwined tales over a century and a half. Integrating this intangible legacy into the design has been as related as consideration paid to its construction, areas, and power effectivity. A modest residential constructing constructed in 1864, it gained notoriety in 2008 when it was occupied and two giant murals had been painted on its facade. Its pressured evacuation in 2014 made La Carbonería a graphic and political icon of Barcelona.
In 2015, the Barcelona Metropolis Council declared it a protected heritage website because the oldest standing constructing within the Eixample, the modern city plan conceived by Ildefonso Cerdá to increase nineteenth century Barcelona. Throughout its definition, there was a battle between Cerdá and the Metropolis Council as a result of the latter promoted giant avenues and symmetries opposite to the Cerdá Plan. The battle affected Narcís Tarragó, the unique promoter of La Carbonería as a result of if the Metropolis Council’s plans had gone forward, a boulevard would have changed the previous Camino de Ronda that touched his plot. So Mr. Tarragó determined to place facades on all 4 sides of the constructing simply in case. When the nice avenue was discarded, essentially the most spectacular facade of his constructing remained hidden and inaccessible in a yard for 150 years.
Heritage safety required restoring the facades to their authentic state, together with the patio and its giant home windows, though now they might solely face two blind partitions. For the reason that authentic staircase had been demolished, we constructed the brand new one subsequent to the elevator within the farthest nook of the patio and linked them to the facade and every house by way of “sky paths” that leap over the previous Camino de Ronda, producing a three-dimensional communal area, a motion of individuals and results that simulate the expertise and altering imaginative and prescient of the boulevard that was by no means made. This resolution additionally allowed us to design a further house due to the area freed up contained in the constructing.
We maintained the pre-existing construction regardless of it not being necessary, solely changing the Catalan roof slabs as a result of they had been in poor situation. After the reinforcement work, the excess of helpful masses was used to make the roof visitable and place a 1m-deep swimming pool on the central wall.
The damaged footbridges are supported with out props or ties, by way of a cross of beams within the plan, reaching a structural functioning that’s not evident at first look, however that permits extra freedom of format in such a small area and a extra ethereal look for the paths that result in the door of every house. The big construction hooked up to the get together wall is supported on the entry footbridge to the roof, which acts as a horizontal stabilizing beam, permitting passage by way of it, on the bottom ground and on the highest ground, along with supporting the planters and their irrigation, the photovoltaic pre-installation, and a collection of mirrors that direct daylight into the patio in winter.
The inside distribution emphasizes the central wall, associating it with storage areas and services, and two holes in it join the inside patio, the rooms, and the Cerdá neighborhood. This resolution additionally ensures efficient cross air flow and pure lighting that takes benefit of all the photo voltaic path, contributing to power financial savings by way of passive options. Along with using authentic, breathable supplies and comparatively pure finishes, comparable to pine wooden with wax and oil, a beneficiant area with little affect from risky substances is achieved.
By insulating the roof along with the carpentry and glass designed to insulate thermally and, above all, acoustically from the busy Urgell Avenue, an power score of B was obtained (on this case, the common consumption of lower than 60% of the native common) with out the necessity to add insulation to the outside facades, thus avoiding harm to the outside and lowering area within the inside.
By regulation, the road facade needed to get well its authentic state, and it might have been unimaginable to keep up the present mural as a result of deterioration of the stucco. Efforts had been made to and the standard furnishings retailer of Mr. Garriga within the floor ground of the constructing was preserved.