Clay or Concrete, Strong or Hole: Completely different Varieties of Bricks and Their Makes use of
The time period brick is usually used as a synonym for frequent clay stable blocks, however there’s extra to it. Bricks are maybe probably the most elementary of constructing supplies and can be utilized to design modular, optimized, and most significantly, versatile buildings. This text explores the preferred varieties of bricks in keeping with their use in development.
Early civilizations first adopted using bricks as an alternative choice to development in areas the place there have been no massive timber to supply wooden for shelter. The most typical clay bricks right now are made out of delicate mud and fired to make them sturdy. Ceramic bricks originated within the Center East, South Asia, and Europe and have been the muse for the development of necessary constructions equivalent to the traditional Indus Valley cities in Pakistan. With the commercial revolution and Britain’s imperial century, clay bricks turned the principle constructing materials, not solely in the UK however everywhere in the world.
Since then, constructing know-how has developed with new methods and supplies, however the logic behind using brick stays the identical: it’s the smallest constructing unit in a development system. Subsequently, growing a challenge in keeping with the brick measurements can save sources and scale back waste by avoiding pointless cuts and irregular fills.
There are many various varieties of bricks in keeping with their supplies and forming strategies. Listed below are the 4 most typical varieties:
Historically, fired clay bricks are the most typical sort, made out of delicate mud after which burned in a kiln. Since clay is a pure uncooked materials obtained from the soil, the colour of the bricks can fluctuate relying on the situation the place they’re manufactured. These bricks may be stable, hole, skinny, and can be utilized for a number of functions in development, equivalent to construction and cladding.
Concrete bricks, alternatively, are made out of a mix of cement, sand, aggregates, components, and water, and are normally used as structural masonry blocks, examined to make sure the required properties, however can be used for veneer partitions. Together with ceramic bricks, they’re additionally one of the frequent supplies in development right now.
Foam concrete, often known as mobile concrete, has a unique manufacturing methodology, leading to bricks with particular constructing properties. A mix of water, cement, lime, and aluminum powder, creates an aerated materials that gives glorious acoustic insulation and improved thermal effectivity. Additionally, since they’re very light-weight, constructing masses are decreased, and it’s potential to save cash and supplies on the construction, for instance.
The development trade is all the time looking for new eco-friendly supplies when it comes to manufacturing. For instance, the ecological brick, often known as modular brick, is a constructing unit manufactured from a mix of cement, soil, and water, which is extra environment friendly and fewer polluting since it’s pressed manually, or with a hydraulic press, thus making the method of kiln burning unneeded.
Moreover supplies and manufacturing strategies, it is usually necessary to know the aim of the several types of bricks in a constructing. In typical structural methods with beams and columns, bricks can be utilized as a veneer, whereas in buildings with structural masonry, load-bearing brick partitions can serve each as a constructing envelope and construction. Bricks can be used as ornamental parts or as cladding.
On this case, bricks are used solely as a constructing enclosure, not as a construction. It is very important take note of the thermal and acoustic traits of this materials. Typically partitions must be insulated earlier than including the bricks however, in some instances, it’s potential to benefit from the properties of the fabric, such because the excessive thermal mass of stable clay brick, for instance.
Structural masonry performs each elements, constructing enclosure and construction, making development very environment friendly, which is a good benefit. For this objective, you will need to observe the properties of every materials and likewise the scale of the bricks to make sure a very good modulation for the challenge.
Utilizing uncovered bricks as a end with solely a skinny layer of water repellent, equivalent to sealants, resins, or acrylics, is a typical selection for such a materials, and typically, a brick end does not need to imply utilizing complete bricks; brick slips make an incredible various. Another examples of ornamental bricks that may add a singular contact to the challenge are glass blocks, display screen blocks, brick planters, and many others.
No matter the kind of brick, maybe an important facet when contemplating this factor is learn how to combine the constructing materials with the challenge. After figuring out the constructing system and constructing parts within the challenge, it’s potential to form the design in keeping with that selection, thus saving cash in materials and labor, rationalizing the development, avoiding waste and extra residue, and decreasing the time of completion.
Editor’s Notice: This text was initially printed on October 13, 2021.